abel, sir frederick augustus, bart defined in 1939 year
abel, sir frederick augustus, bart - Abel, sir frederick augustus, bart; abel, sir frederick augustus, bart - (1827-1902). British chemist. Born at Woolwich, July 17, 1827, Abel studied at the Royal College of Chemistry, and afterwards acted as assistant to A. W. H o f m a n n. He conducted re-s ear eh work in aniline derivatives, and prepared one of the first specimens of guncotton made in England. In 1852 he became professor of chemistry at the R.M.A., Woolwich, and four years later he was appointed chemist to the War Office, retaining this position until 1888, when he became president of the special committee on explosives. While chemist to the War Office he carried on researches which resulted in a process by which perfectly stable gun-cotton can be made. His most important work was the invention, in conjunction with Sir James Dewar, of cordite, which was patented in 1889. The Abel test for petroleum, also known as the closed test, was devised by him. At the time of his death, Sept. 6, 1902, Abel was Director of the Imperial Institute.