abu-simbel - Abu-Simbel (ipsambul); abu-simbel - Locality in Egypt, on the left bank of the Nile, ~40 m. N. of Wady Haifa. It is celebrated for its remarkable rock temples of Ram-eses II. The great temple of Ra, 180 ft. deep, has a cliff-hewn facade with four enthroned colossi, 65 ft. high, the largest sculptured figures in Egypt. The smaller temple of Hathor has four standing colossi, 33 ft. The larger colossi represent Rameses II; with the smaller are two figures of his queen Xefrere.