abatement



abatement defined in 1939 year

abatement - Abatement (late Lat. abattere, to beat down);
abatement - Term used in English law in three senses, (a) Of legacies, where, if the legacies bequeathed by a will would not leave enough money to pay the testator's debts, the legatees are required to give up part or, if necessary, all their legacies to make up the amount. If a testator dies and leaves £5,000; bequeaths £1,000 to X, and £500 to Y, and the residue to Z, and his debts are £4,000, Z gets nothing; X's legacy is abated by £333 6s. 8d., and Y's by £166 13s. 4d., being the proportion of their legacies to the £500 required, (b) Of purchase-money, where the vendor of land over-represents the quantity he has to sell. The purchaser can hold him to his bargain with an abatement of the purchase-money. (c) Of legal proceedings brought to an end without any decision being arrived at, in which case they are said to be abated.

abatement defined in 1939 year

abatement - Abatement (rebatement);
abatement - In heraldry, a mark rebating or withdrawing the honour of the arms. It is thus applied to symbols of illegitimacy, but more often to imaginary marks invented by the 16th-century heralds—e.g. in an escutcheon reversed sanguine, a blood-red shield placed upside down, assigned to a woman for dishonourable conduct, or to a man for fleeing from the banner of his prince; and the whole shield borne reversed, applied in the case of treason. The last-named is the only abatement, apart from marks of ill gitimacy, for which there is any authority. It was applied in courts of chivalry and in tournaments. See Heraldry.

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