aguinaldo, emilio - Aguinaldo, emilio (b. 1870); aguinaldo, emilio - Filipino patriot. Born at Cavite, Luzon, of which he was mayor 1893-6, he took a leading part in the insurrection against Spain. In the Spanish-American War he first supported the American forces, but in 1899 led a formidable rising against them. Captured in March, 1901, a month later he formally swore allegiance to the U.S.A. and retired into private life, from which he emerged only for a brief period in 1935, when he stood unsuccessfully as candidate for the presidency of the Philippine Commonwealth.