book binding, drawing-in and pressing
book binding, drawing-in and pressing defined in 1909 yearbook binding, drawing-in and pressing - book binding, Drawing-in and Pressing;
book binding, drawing-in and pressing - The boards having been squared, they are attached to the book by lacing the ends of the cord through holes in the board. The boards are laid on the book with their backs in the groove and level with the head; they are then marked with a pencil or bodkin exactly in a line with the slips, about ½ in. down the board. Holes are next made in the board with a short bodkin (with a piece of wood beneath) on the line, at a distance from the edge in accordance with the size of the book. About ½ in. away from the back is the right distance for an octavo. The board is turned over, and a second hole is made about ½ in. away from the first ones. The boards having been holed, the slips are scraped, pasted slightly, and tapered or pointed. Draw them tightly through the hole first made, and back through the second. Tap them slightly when the board is down, to prevent them from slipping and getting loose. When the books are drawn-in, cut the ends of the slips close to the board with a knife, and well hammer them down on the knocking-down iron to make the board close on the slips and hold them tight. The slips should be well and carefully hammered, as any projection will be seen with great distinctness when the book is covered. The hammer must be held perfectly even, or the slips will be cut by the edge.
The book is now examined, and any little alteration may be made before putting it into the standing press. Pressing-boards the same size as the book, should be put flush with the groove, and in the centre of the press directly under the screw, which is tightened as much as possible. With all good books, a tin is put between the millboard and book, to flatten the slips and prevent their adherence to the book. The tin is put right up to the groove, and serves also as a guide for the pressing-board. In pressing books of various sizes, the largest is put at the bottom of the press, with a block or a few pressing-boards between the various sizes, in order to get equal pressure on the whole and to allow the screw to come exactly on the centre of the books.
The backs of the books are pasted and allowed to stand for a few minutes to soften the glue. Then with a piece of wood, called a "cleaning-off" stick, the glue is rubbed off, and the backs are well rubbed with a handful of shavings and left to dry. Let them lie as long as possible in the press, and, if the volume is rather thick, a coat of paste should be applied to the back.
In flexible work care must be taken that the cleaning-off stick is not forced too hard against the bands, or the thread, being moist, will break; or the paper, being wet, will tear; or the bands may be shifted. The cleaning-off stick may be made of any piece of wood; an old octavo cutting-board is good.
When the volume has been pressed enough (at least 8 hours) it is taken out and the tins and boards are put away. The book is then ready for "cutting."
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